Cairo International Airport is the closest airport and offers regular flights from most most major airlines. Egypt Air offers both domestic flights to Luxor, Aswan, and Hurghada and international service.
Cairo is connected by highway with all other major cities in Egypt. The Desert Road links Cairo and Alexandria; there are main roads connecting Cairo with Ismailia and Luxor. In addition, there is the Red Sea Highway.
Cairo's Metro system is by far the most efficient way to get around. There are three lines that converge in the centre of the city, and trains carry passengers to attractions like the Egyptian Museum and those found in Coptic Cairo.One-way tickets cost about 1 Egyptian pound each and can be purchased at ticket booths located in each station.
Cairo contains two breeds of taxis. Older unofficial cabs (known as "black-and-whites") are the cheapest, but these vehicles don't charge fares based on a meter, so you'll have to negotiate the cost with the driver before setting out.
Another option is to use the yellow or white cabs, which do use meters and have starting base fares of 3.50 Egyptian pounds (or less than $0.50).
Some yellow and white cab drivers may try to overcharge so to avoid incurring unexpected fees, always come prepared with extra cash.
Rail service is available between Cairo and all areas of the Nile River Valley. An air-conditioned nonstop express train, the turbino, makes three trips daily between Cairo and Alexandria. Cairo's main railway station is located at Ramsis Roundabout. Several bus companies offer inter-city bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, the Nile Valley, the Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula, the Suez Canal, and other destinations.
There is a non-stop bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, and buses run between Cairo and all major towns.